The importance of public transport lies in its ability to respond to the demands of mobility in urban areas and the need to reduce traffic and pollution associated with it.
Designing a public transport route means coming to terms with the urban texture, in the aim to ensure that the new service is efficient while not generating a significant negative impact on the viability and availability of parking close by. It also means paying attention to the infrastructure’s inclusion in the environment from an architectural and landscaping perspective, and it also requires the ability to identify building-site methods/conditions that are as compatible as possible with the lifestyle of the city.
A good public transport project starts with an analysis of the needs of displacement in urban contexts; it evaluates accurately the type of rolling stock needed and its potential impact on the existing road network, comparing the advantages and disadvantages in resorting to the use of reserved lanes.
A good project aims to widen the catchment area, relating to the existing railway and road network, designing accurately the route and stops. A public transport project is not likely to be considered as a ‘good’ project if it is not accompanied by the ability to establish a good service model that is expected to ensure the sustainability of the investment made and guarantee an efficient service.